Red Cross Responds to Cholera Outbreak in Sierra Leone

The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and the Sierra Leone Red Cross Society (SLRCS) are responding to a growing cholera crisis in the capital Freetown and surrounding areas.
GENEVA, Switzerland, August 17, 2012/ — The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) (http://www. and the Sierra Leone Red Cross Society (SLRCS) ( are responding to a growing cholera crisis in the capital Freetown and surrounding areas.
Sierra Leone's government has declared the cholera outbreak as a national emergency after 176 deaths and 10, 800 cases were reported since January. There has been a spike in reported cases since mid-July and the onset of the rainy season. Over the past 5 weeks, 6000 cases alone have been confirmed. But there are fears that many other cases have not been officially reported.
“This current outbreak of cholera has the potential to be devastating and is proving very difficult to control,” said Amanda McClelland, IFRC Emergency Health Coordinator. “We are particularly concerned by the rising numbers in Freetown which suffers from overcrowding, poor sanitation and lack of safe water access – all factors which contribute to this deadly disease. There have been over 250 patients a day in Freetown health centres in just the last week.”
The IFRC has launched an emergency appeal for 1.1 million Swiss francs to help the SLRCS to strengthen its response against the epidemic.
“The level of funding we have now is simply not enough to handle this emergency”, says McClelland. “We need to mobilize and act now and prevent as many deaths and new cases as possible. To wait until we see the number of deaths in recent outbreaks like Zimbabwe and Haiti is a mistake. This can be prevented and controlled with enough of the right resources.”
Cholera is an infection of the small intestine that can cause acute diarrhoea and vomiting and can kill in hours. People get the infection by eating or drinking contaminated food or water. The IFRC is now concerned that the disease could spread to other parts of the country. Neighbouring Guinea, parts of Mali and Niger have also been affected by the outbreak.
Funds raised from the IFRC appeal will be used to organize awareness activities on good hygiene and sanitation in 4 districts affected by the cholera outbreak (Kambia, Port Loko, Tonkolli and Moyamba). SLRCS Red Cross staff and volunteers, who have been responding to this epidemic throughout the year, will chlorinate wells, and make house to house visits to educate community members on how prepare oral rehydration salts solution. The rehabilitation of water sources and construction of latrines will also be a priority as efforts continue to contain this epidemic. The IFRC and SLRC are working in coordination with the local authorities, the World Health Organization (WHO) and other partners across the affected areas.
An IFRC Field Assessment and Coordination Team (FACT), comprising experts in health, water and sanitation was deployed to the country earlier this week to support the SLRCS.
For more information or interviews contact:
In Sierra Leone:
Patrick Massaquoi
In Addis Ababa:
Moustapha Diallo, Communications Officer/West Africa & Communication Manager Ag, IFRC
Mobile: +251 930 033 413
In Geneva:
Sadia Kaenzig, IFRC Senior Consultant, Health Communication.
Mob. +41 (0)79 217 3386
About Othman Sheriff 347 Articles
Born and raised in Kenema district, eastern Sierra Leone, Othman Sheriff began practicing journalism during his school days as a youthhood hobby. With a bachelor's degree in mass-media and communication, and a Master’s degree in development and peacebuilding, Sheriff is the Editor-in-Chief and CEO of Critique Echo Newspaper. While tirelessly using journalism as a tool to place his country’s socioeconomic and political landscape under a magnifying glass, Sheriff is deeply involved in community development projects. Over the years, Sheriff has formulated and implemented billions of Leones worth of development projects with funds from Europe and USA. He is chiefly focused on community infrastructural development and economic resuscitation projects, fostering interethnic, interreligious and sociocultural cohesion among the young population in Kenema district. Sheriff is a member of many international peacebuilding initiatives including the United Religious Initiative (URI), International Association of Educators for World Peace (IAEWP), Intercultural Leaders Network and Youth Solidary Fund program of the United Nations Alliance of Civilization (UNAOC)

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